Identifying distinct risk profiles to predict adverse events among community-dwelling older adults

Melissa O'Connor, Alexandra Hanlon, Elizabeth Mauer, Salimah Meghani, Ruth Masterson-Creber, Sherry Marcantonio, Ken Coburn, Janet Van Cleave, Joan Davitt, Barbara Riegel, Kathryn H. Bowles, Susan Keim, Sherry A. Greenberg, Justine S. Sefcik, Maxim Topaz, Dexia Kong, Mary Naylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Preventing adverse events among chronically ill older adults living in the community is a national health priority. The purpose of this study was to generate distinct risk profiles and compare these profiles in time to: hospitalization, emergency department (ED) visit or death in 371 community-dwelling older adults enrolled in a Medicare demonstration project. Guided by the Behavioral Model of Health Service Use, a secondary analysis was conducted using Latent Class Analysis to generate the risk profiles with Kaplan Meier methodology and log rank statistics to compare risk profiles. The Vuong-Lo-Mendell-Rubin Likelihood Ratio Test demonstrated optimal fit for three risk profiles (High, Medium, and Low Risk). The High Risk profile had significantly shorter time to hospitalization, ED visit, and death (p < 0.001 for each). These findings provide a road map for generating risk profiles that could enable more effective targeting of interventions and be instrumental in reducing health care costs for subgroups of chronically ill community-dwelling older adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)510-519
Number of pages10
JournalGeriatric Nursing
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Chronic illness
  • Community-dwelling older adults
  • Latent class analysis
  • Nurse care management model
  • Risk profiles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Identifying distinct risk profiles to predict adverse events among community-dwelling older adults'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    O'Connor, M., Hanlon, A., Mauer, E., Meghani, S., Masterson-Creber, R., Marcantonio, S., Coburn, K., Van Cleave, J., Davitt, J., Riegel, B., Bowles, K. H., Keim, S., Greenberg, S. A., Sefcik, J. S., Topaz, M., Kong, D., & Naylor, M. (2017). Identifying distinct risk profiles to predict adverse events among community-dwelling older adults. Geriatric Nursing, 38(6), 510-519. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gerinurse.2017.03.013