Identifying subtypes of HIV/AIDS-related symptoms in China using latent profile analysis and symptom networks

Zhongfang Yang, Zheng Zhu, Huan Wen, Shuyu Han, Lin Zhang, Yanfen Fu, Yan Hu, Bei Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The identification of subgroups of people living with HIV in China based on the severity of symptom clusters and individual symptoms is crucial to determine group-specific symptom management strategies. Participants reported 27 highly prevalent HIV/AIDS-related symptoms. Latent profile analysis based on symptom severity was used to identify person-centered subtypes of HIV/AIDS-related symptoms. Symptom networks were compared among subgroups identified by latent profile analysis. A total of 2927 eligible people living with HIV (PWH) were included in the analysis. Five profiles were identified: “Profile 1: all low symptom severity” (n2 = 2094, 71.54%), “Profile 2: medium symptom severity with syndemic conditions” (n3 = 109, 3.72%), “Profile 3: medium symptom severity with low functional status” (n1 = 165, 5.64%), “Profile 4: medium symptom severity in transitional period” (n4 = 448, 15.31%), and “Profile 5: all high symptom severity” (n5 = 111, 3.79%). Except for Profile 1 and Profile 5, the symptom severity was similar among the other three profiles. Profiles 1 (2.09 ± 0.52) and 4 (2.44 ± 0.66) had the smallest ∑s values, and Profiles 2 (4.38 ± 1.40) and 5 (4.39 ± 1.22) had the largest ∑s values. Our study demonstrates the need for health care professionals to provide PWH with group-specific symptom management interventions based on five profiles to improve their physical and psychological well-being. Future studies should be conducted in different contexts using different symptom checklists to further validate our results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number13271
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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