Identity Disorders of Second-Generation Holocaust Survivors

Samuel Juni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Healthy child development is outlined, with particular attention to its crucial element of identity formation. Second-generation Holocaust survivors are saddled with a mission of “carrying the torch” which is inconsistent with normal identity formation. Over and above the normative milestones in acquiring personal identity, children of this generation had particular difficulties establishing a sense of self distinct from family and religious identity. This threatened ego integrity portends potential identity dissonance, disruption of the developmental process, and problems in the adult lives of second-generation survivors. The author’s personal narrative is featured to highlight identity challenges inherent in the life of a “memorial candle.”

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-212
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Loss and Trauma
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 3 2016


  • Holocaust survivors
  • identity disorders
  • second-generation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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