If-then plans benefit executive functions in children with ADHD

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Children with ADHD encounter multiple academic and interpersonal problems presumably due to insufficient executive functions. In two studies we measured executive functions (i.e., shifting, resistance to distraction) and assessed whether children with ADHD can empower these functions by forming implementation intentions (i.e., if-then plans; Gollwitzer, 1999). Children with ADHD made fewer perseverative errors on a shifting task (Study 1) when instructed to make if-then plans. They also benefited from if-then plans in solving math problems that required both working memory and the inhibition of distractions (Study 2). Results concerning implications for research on if-then planning in children with ADHD are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)616-646
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of Social and Clinical Psychology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology


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