Techniques and methodologies for validating the authenticity of digital images and testing for the presence of doctoring and manipulation operations on them has recently attracted attention. We review three categories of forensic features and discuss the design of classifiers between doctored and original images. The performance of classifiers with respect to selected controlled manipulations as well as to uncontrolled manipulations is analyzed. The tools for image manipulation detection are treated under feature fusion and decision fusion scenarios.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering