Imaging of the optic nerve and retinal nerve fiber layer: An essential part of glaucoma diagnosis and monitoring

Jacek Kotowski, Gadi Wollstein, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Joel S. Schuman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Because glaucomatous damage is irreversible early detection of structural changes in the optic nerve head and retinal nerve fiber layer is imperative for timely diagnosis of glaucoma and monitoring of its progression. Significant improvements in ocular imaging have been made in recent years. Imaging techniques such as optical coherence tomography, scanning laser polarimetry and confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy rely on different properties of light to provide objective structural assessment of the optic nerve head, retinal nerve fiber layer and macula. In this review, we discuss the capabilities of these imaging modalities pertinent for diagnosis of glaucoma and detection of progressive glaucomatous damage and provide a review of the current knowledge on the clinical performance of these technologies.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)458-467
    Number of pages10
    JournalSurvey of Ophthalmology
    Volume59
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 2014

    Keywords

    • Glaucoma
    • Imaging device

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ophthalmology

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