Imaging the Sun's Near-surface Flows Using Mode-coupling Analysis

Prasad Mani, Chris S. Hanson, Shravan Hanasoge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The technique of normal-mode coupling is a powerful tool with which to seismically image non-axisymmetric phenomena in the Sun. Here we apply mode coupling in the Cartesian approximation to probe steady, near-surface flows in the Sun. Using Doppler cubes obtained from the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory, we perform inversions on mode-coupling measurements to show that the resulting divergence and radial vorticity maps at supergranular length scales (∼30 Mm) near the surface compare extremely well with those obtained using the local correlation tracking method. We find that the Pearson correlation coefficient is ≥0.9 for divergence flows, while ≥0.8 is obtained for the radial vorticity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number127
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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