Immunogenicity, reactogenicity and adherence with hepatitis A vaccination among drug users

Gianluca Quaglio, Benedetta Pajusco, Paolo Civitelli, Sabrina Migliozzi, Don C. Des Jarlais, Luisa Romanò, Alessandro Lechi, Paolo Mezzelani, Fabio Lugoboni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hepatitis A virus (HAV) vaccination is recommended in drug users (DUs) because this population has a very high prevalence of hepatitis C virus, and additional infection with HAV can lead to increased morbidity and mortality. The efficacy of hepatitis A vaccine (1440 ELISA units), in terms of immunogenicity, reactogenicity and compliance among 44 heroin DUs using a 0-6 month schedule was investigated. Three subjects (6.8%) experienced adverse reactions. After the first dose of hepatitis A vaccine, 37% of subjects seroconverted. Two months after the 6-month booster vaccination, all vaccinated patients became seropositive. The mean serum antibody concentration was 40mIU/ ml after 6 months and 558mIU/ml after 8 months. Although all DUs proved seropositive after the booster vaccination, the seroconversion rate, at the 2 and 6 months time points was much lower than in healthy subjects. The lower geometric mean titre could affect the kinetics of decrease of antibody titres and the protection conferred by vaccination may be less durable in these patients. These findings indicate that the 0-12 months schedule could be reduced to a shorter 0-6 months schedule in order to shorten the unprotected period. Further studies among drug users are needed to explore the efficacy and immunogenicity of higher doses or alternative schedules of HAV vaccine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-88
Number of pages4
JournalDrug and alcohol dependence
Volume74
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 9 2004

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • Drug users
  • HAV vaccination
  • Immunogenicity
  • Reactogenicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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