Impact of Design on Human Experience: Evaluating Space Preferences in Interior Design Alternates Presented in a Crowdsourcing Platform

Zhengbo Zou, Semiha Ergan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Built environments are influential in shaping human experiences, such as motivation to work, stress/anxiety, and pleasure. Subtle differences in architectural design feature configurations (e.g., texture of surfaces, symmetry of building components) influence the resulting human experiences. This paper is part of a larger study that aims to quantify human experience in designed spaces, and evaluates how these subtle differences are perceived by people with different demographic backgrounds (e.g., age group and occupation). Through a data-driven approach, this paper examines how different configurations of design features related to stress and anxiety can result in people's decision of preferring one space over another. A crowdsourcing study was designed and administered on a platform with 296 participants without informing the participants about the differences in these spaces. During the study, the subjects were asked to select a preferred space out of two options, presented as dual-images rendered from 3D models of real buildings. Each image for a space presented a design feature configured differently, while keeping other features constant, to give alternate experiences (i.e., positive or negative), depending on the aspect attributed to that feature in the literature (e.g., poor lighting being attributed to negative feelings and vice versa). A total of six architectural design features, resulting in twelve paired spaces, were evaluated. This paper analyzes the collected data to identify configurations of preferences across design features using unsupervised learning algorithms. The results showed four clusters of preferred configurations of the design features. When the demographics of participants across clusters are analyzed, it is apparent that age and education level have little influence on the preferences of design features, while occupation is impactful for people's selection of desired spaces. The outcome can be used as a design guidance for architects, given the demographics of the prospective occupants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationConstruction Research Congress 2020
Subtitle of host publicationComputer Applications - Selected Papers from the Construction Research Congress 2020
EditorsPingbo Tang, David Grau, Mounir El Asmar
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Pages905-914
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780784482865
StatePublished - 2020
EventConstruction Research Congress 2020: Computer Applications - Tempe, United States
Duration: Mar 8 2020Mar 10 2020

Publication series

NameConstruction Research Congress 2020: Computer Applications - Selected Papers from the Construction Research Congress 2020

Conference

ConferenceConstruction Research Congress 2020: Computer Applications
CountryUnited States
CityTempe
Period3/8/203/10/20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction

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