Impact of dietary and metabolic risk factors on cardiovascular and diabetes mortality in South Asia: Analysis from the 2010 global burden of disease study

Mohammad Y. Yakoob, Renata Micha, Shahab Khatibzadeh, Gitanjali M. Singh, Peilin Shi, Habibul Ahsan, Nagalla Balakrishna, Ginnela N.V. Brahmam, Yu Chen, Ashkan Afshin, Saman Fahimi, Goodarz Danaei, John W. Powles, Majid Ezzati, Dariush Mozaffarian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives. To quantify cardiovascular disease and diabetes deaths attributable to dietary and metabolic risks by country, age, sex, and time in South Asian countries. Methods. We used the 2010 Global Burden of Disease national surveys to characterize risk factor levels by age and sex. We derived etiological effects of risk factors-disease endpoints, by age, from meta-analyses. We defined optimal levels. We combined these inputs with cause-specific mortality rates to compute population-attributable fractions as a percentage of total cardiometabolic deaths. Results. Suboptimal diet was the leading cause of cardiometabolic mortality in 4 of 5countries,withpopulation-attributablefractionsfrom40.7%(95%uncertaintyinterval =37.4, 44.1) in Bangladesh to 56.9% (95% uncertainty interval =52.4, 61.5) in Pakistan. High systolic blood pressure was the second leading cause, except in Bangladesh, where it superseded suboptimal diet.This was followed inall nations by highfasting plasma glucose, low fruitintake, andlow wholegrainintake.Otherprominentburdensweremorevariable,suchaslowintakeof vegetables, low omega-3 fats, and high sodium intake in India, Nepal, and Pakistan. Conclusions. Important similarities and differences are evident in cardiometabolic mortality burdens of modifiable dietary and metabolic risks across these countries, informing health policy and program priorities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2113-2125
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Volume106
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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    Yakoob, M. Y., Micha, R., Khatibzadeh, S., Singh, G. M., Shi, P., Ahsan, H., Balakrishna, N., Brahmam, G. N. V., Chen, Y., Afshin, A., Fahimi, S., Danaei, G., Powles, J. W., Ezzati, M., & Mozaffarian, D. (2016). Impact of dietary and metabolic risk factors on cardiovascular and diabetes mortality in South Asia: Analysis from the 2010 global burden of disease study. American journal of public health, 106(12), 2113-2125. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2016.303368