Impact of medialization laryngoplasty on dynamic nanomechanical vocal fold structure properties

Gregory R. Dion, Peter A. Benedict, Paulo G. Coelho, Milan R. Amin, Ryan C. Branski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives/Hypothesis: Although the primary goal of medialization laryngoplasty is to improve glottic closure, implant placement is also likely to alter the biomechanical properties of the vocal fold (VF). We sought to employ novel, nanoscale technology to quantify these properties following medialization based on the hypothesis that different medialization materials will likely yield differential biomechanical effects. Study Design: Ex vivo. Methods: Nine pig larynges were divided into three groups: control, Silastic (Dow Corning, Midland, Michigan, U.S.A.) block medialization, or Gore-Tex (W.L. Gore & Associates, Newark, Delaware) medialization. Laryngoplasty was performed on excised, intact larynges. The larynges were then bisected in the sagittal plane and each subjected to dynamic nanomechanical analysis (nano-DMA) at nine locations using a 250-μm flat-tip punch and frequency sweep-load profile across the free edge of the VF and inferiorly along the conus elasticus. Results: Silastic block and Gore-Tex implant introduced increased storage and loss moduli. Overall, storage moduli mean (maximum) increased from 38 kilopascals (kPa) (119) to 72 kPa (422) and 129 kPa (978) in control, Gore-Tex, and Silastic implants, respectively. Similarly, loss moduli increased from 13 kPa (43) to 22 kPa (201) and 31 kPa (165), respectively. Moduli values varied widely by location in the Silastic block and Gore-Tex groups. At the free VF edge, mean (maximum) storage moduli were lowest in the Gore-Tex group, 20 kPa (44); compared to control, 34.5 kPa (86); and Silastic, 157.9 kPa (978), with similar loss and complex moduli trends. Conclusion: Medialization laryngoplasty altered VF structure biomechanical properties; Silastic and Gore-Tex implants differentially impact these properties. Level of Evidence: NA. Laryngoscope, 128:1163–1169, 2018.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1163-1169
Number of pages7
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2018


  • Larynx
  • complex moduli
  • loss moduli
  • mechanical testing
  • storage moduli
  • vocal fold
  • voice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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