Introduction To assess impact of size of regions-of-interest (ROI) on differentiation of RCC and renal cysts using multi-phase CT, with focus on differentiating papillary RCC (pRCC) and cysts given known hypovascularity of pRCC. Methods 99 renal lesions (23 pRCC, 47 clear-cell RCC, 7 chromophobe RCC, 22 cysts) underwent multi-phase CT. Subjective presence of visual enhancement was recorded for each lesion. Whole-lesion (WL) ROIs, and small (≤5 mm 2), medium (average size of small and large ROIs), and large (half of lesion diameter) peripherally located partial-lesion (PL) ROIs, were placed on non-contrast and nephrographic phases. Impact of ROI size in separating cysts from all RCC and from pRCC based on increased attenuation between phases was assessed using ROC analysis. Results Visual enhancement was perceived in 96% of ccRCC, 61% of pRCC, and 9% of cysts. AUCs for separating all RCC and cysts for WL-ROI and small, medium, and large PL-ROIs were 91%, 96%, 91% and 93%, and among lesions without visible enhancement were 60%, 79%, 67% and 67%. AUCs for separating pRCC and cysts for WL-ROI and small, medium, and large PL-ROIs were 78%, 92%, 82% and 84%, and among lesions without visible enhancement were 64%, 88%, 69% and 69%. Conclusion Small PL-ROIs had higher accuracy than WL-ROI or other PL-ROIs in separating RCC from cysts, with greater impact in differentiating pRCC from cysts and differentiating lesions without visible enhancement. Thus, when evaluating renal lesions using multi-phase CT, we suggest placing small peripheral ROIs for highest accuracy in distinguishing renal malignancy and benign cysts.
- Renal cell carcinoma
- Renal cyst
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging