Impacts of climate change on public health in India: Future research directions

Kathleen F. Bush, George Luber, S. Rani Kotha, R. S. Dhaliwal, Vikas Kapil, Mercedes Pascual, Daniel G. Brown, Howard Frumkin, R. C. Dhiman, Jeremy Hess, Mark L. Wilson, Kalpana Balakrishnan, Joseph Eisenberg, Tanvir Kaur, Richard Rood, Stuart Batterman, Aley Joseph, Carina J. Gronlund, Arun Agrawal, Howard Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Background: Climate change and associated increases in climate variability will likely further exacerbate global health disparities. More research is needed, particularly in developing countries, to accurately predict the anticipated impacts and inform effective interventions. Objectives: Building on the information presented at the 2009 Joint Indo-U.S. Workshop on Climate Change and Health in Goa, India, we reviewed relevant literature and data, addressed gaps in knowledge, and identified priorities and strategies for future research in India. Discussion: The scope of the problem in India is enormous, based on the potential for climate change and variability to exacerbate endemic malaria, dengue, yellow fever, cholera, and chikungunya, as well as chronic diseases, particularly among the millions of people who already experience poor sanitation, pollution, malnutrition, and a shortage of drinking water. Ongoing efforts to study these risks were discussed but remain scant. A universal theme of the recommendations developed was the importance of improving the surveillance, monitoring, and integration of meteorological, environmental, geospatial, and health data while working in parallel to implement adaptation strategies. Conclusions: It will be critical for India to invest in improvements in information infrastructure that are innovative and that promote interdisciplinary collaborations while embarking on adaptation strategies. This will require unprecedented levels of collaboration across diverse institutions in India and abroad. The data can be used in research on the likely impacts of climate change on health that reflect India's diverse climates and populations. Local human and technical capacities for risk communication and promoting adaptive behavior must also be enhanced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)765-770
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental health perspectives
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2011


  • Air pollution
  • Climate change
  • Climate variability
  • Health
  • Heat
  • India
  • Vector-borne
  • Waterborne

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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