Impacts of Early Childhood Education on Medium- and Long-Term Educational Outcomes

Dana Charles McCoy, Hirokazu Yoshikawa, Kathleen M. Ziol-Guest, Greg J. Duncan, Holly S. Schindler, Katherine Magnuson, Rui Yang, Andrew Koepp, Jack P. Shonkoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Despite calls to expand early childhood education (ECE) in the United States, questions remain regarding its medium- and long-term impacts on educational outcomes. We use meta-analysis of 22 high-quality experimental and quasi-experimental studies conducted between 1960 and 2016 to find that on average, participation in ECE leads to statistically significant reductions in special education placement (d = 0.33 SD, 8.1 percentage points) and grade retention (d = 0.26 SD, 8.3 percentage points) and increases in high school graduation rates (d = 0.24 SD, 11.4 percentage points). These results support ECE’s utility for reducing education-related expenditures and promoting child well-being.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)474-487
Number of pages14
JournalEducational Researcher
Volume46
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

Keywords

  • early childhood education
  • grade retention
  • high school graduation
  • meta-analysis
  • preschool
  • special education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

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