Implementation and dissemination of the Sikh American Families Oral Health Promotion Program

Mary Northridge, Rucha Kavathe, Jennifer Zanowiak, Laura C. Wyatt, Hardayal Singh, Nadia Islam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Sikh American Families Oral Health Promotion Program used a community-based participatory approach to develop, implement, evaluate, and disseminate a culturally tailored oral health/healthy living curriculum for the Sikh—South Asian community. Here, we examine the impact of community engagement throughout the process of program implementation in five Gurdwaras (places of worship) in New York and New Jersey and dissemination of the findings through targeted venues and the curriculum via e-Health resources. An interactive curriculum was developed (consisting of four core and three special topics) based upon a community-led needs assessment, adaptation of evidence-based oral health curricula, guidance from professional dental and medical associations, and input from Community Advisory Board (CAB) members. The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research guided a mixed-method evaluation, consisting of both process and outcome measures. Five trained community educators delivered a total of 42 educational sessions. Improved oral hygiene behaviors and self- efficacy were found among program participants. For participants with no dental insurance prior to program enrollment (n = 58), 81.0% credited the program with helping them obtain insurance for themselves or their children. Further, for participants with no dentist prior to program enrollment (n = 68), 92.6% credited the program with helping them or their children find a local dentist. Short videos in Punjabi were created in response to feedback received from community educators and CAB members to reach men, especially. Community engagement was key to successful program implementation and dissemination, from the implementation leaders (community educators) to the opinion leaders and champions (CAB members).
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)435-443
Number of pages9
JournalTranslational Behavioral Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017


  • Community-based participatory approach
  • Asian American
  • Oral health
  • Health equity
  • Implementation science
  • Community Health Workers


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