Implementation intentions facilitate response inhibition in children with ADHD

Caterina Gawrilow, Peter M. Gollwitzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is associated with action control problems such as failure to inhibit inappropriate responses. Two studies investigated whether self-regulation by implementation intentions (if-then plans; Gollwitzer, P. M. (1999). Implementation intentions: Strong effects of simple plans. American Psychologist, 54, 493-503) facilitates response inhibition in children with ADHD. In Study 1, children with ADHD who furnished a suppression goal with implementation intentions improved inhibition of an unwanted response on a Go/No-Go task to the same level observed in children without ADHD. Study 2 showed that a combination of implementation intentions and psychostimulant medication resulted in the highest level of suppression performance in children with ADHD. Theoretical and applied implications of these results are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-280
Number of pages20
JournalCognitive Therapy and Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2008


  • Children with ADHD
  • Executive functions
  • Implementation intentions
  • Response inhibition
  • Self-regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology


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