Implementation of a relapse prevention program among smokers undergoing arthroplasty: lessons learned

Olivia G. Wilker, Elizabeth R. Stevens, Heather T. Gold, Yaa Haber, James D. Slover, Scott E. Sherman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Surgery is a potent motivator to help people quit smoking to reduce the risk of complications. Many patients who smoke receive tobacco cessation counseling prior to surgery and are able to quit, but do not receive the same resources after surgery and often resume smoking. Methods: We present a case study describing the recruitment process, study components, and lessons learned from StayQuit, a comprehensive relapse prevention program designed to prevent relapse after arthroplasty. Lessons learned were examined post hoc to determine challenges related to program implementation, using existing study procedures and information collected. Results: While a comprehensive postoperative relapse prevention program may be beneficial to patients, implementation of StayQuit is unlikely to be feasible under current circumstances. The primary challenges to successful implementation of StayQuit focused on themes of lack of engagement in the preoperative Orthopedic Surgery Quit Smoking Program (OSQSP) and an environment unfavorable to in-person enrollment on the day of surgery. Conclusions: Postoperative relapse prevention programs may be beneficial for patients who quit smoking prior to elective surgery. To help guide implementation, it is important to consider surgeon behavior, the collaboration of clinical and non-clinical teams, and best practices for study enrollment in surgical settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1001-1007
Number of pages7
JournalANZ Journal of Surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2023


  • arthroplasty
  • counseling
  • program implementation
  • relapse prevention
  • smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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