Implementing Artificial Neural Network-Based Gap Acceptance Models in the Simulation Model of a Traffic Circle in SUMO

Mohammad Bagheri, Bekir Bartin, Kaan Ozbay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The impact of various operational and design alternatives at roundabouts and traffic circles can be evaluated using microscopic simulation tools. Most microscopic simulation software utilizes default underlying models for this purpose, which may not be generalized to specific facilities. Since the effectiveness of traffic operations at traffic circles and roundabouts is highly affected by the gap rejection–acceptance behavior of drivers, it is essential to accurately model drivers’ gap acceptance behavior using location-specific data. The objective of this paper was to evaluate the feasibility of implementing an artificial neural network (ANN)-based gap acceptance model in SUMO, using its application programming interface. A traffic circle in New Jersey was chosen as a case study. Separate ANN models for one stop-controlled and two yield-controlled intersections were trained based on the collected ground truth data. The output of the ANN-based model was then compared with that of the SUMO model, which was calibrated by modifying the default gap acceptance parameters to match the field data. Based on the results of the analyses it was concluded that the advantage of the ANN-based model lies not only in the accuracy of the selected output variables in comparison to the observed field values, but also in the realistic vehicle crossings at the uncontrolled intersections in the simulation model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-239
Number of pages13
JournalTransportation Research Record
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2023


  • calibration/validation
  • microscopic traffic simulation
  • multi-agent simulation
  • operations
  • simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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