In vitro μTBS of one-bottle adhesive systems: Sound versus artificially-created caries-affected dentin

Maria Carolina G. Erhardt, José Augusto Rodrigues, Thiago Assunção Valentino, André Vicente Ritter, Luiz André Freire Pimenta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This in vitro study aimed to evaluate a pH-cycling model for simulation of caries-affected dentin (CAD) surfaces, by comparing the bond strength of etch-and-rinse adhesive systems on sound and artificially-created CAD. Dentin substrates with different mineral contents and morphological patterns were created by submitting buccal bovine dentin to the following treatments: (1) immersion in artificial saliva during the experimental period (sound dentin, SD), or (2) induction to a CAD condition by means of a dynamic pH-cycling model (8 cycles, demineralization for 3 h followed by mineralization for 45 h). The bond strength of Excite or Prime and Bond NT adhesive systems was assessed using the microtensile bond strength (μTBS) test. Dentin microhardness was determined by cross-sectional Knoop evaluations. Resin-dentin morphology after the treatments was examined by scanning electron microscopy. SD produced significantly higher μTBS than CAD for both adhesives evaluated, without differences between materials. CAD exhibited lower microhardness than SD. Morphological analysis showed marked distinctions between SD and CAD bonded interfaces. Under the conditions of this study, differences in morphological pattern and dentin mineral content may help to explain resin-dentin bond strengths. The proposed pH-cycling model may be a suitable method to simulate CAD surfaces for bonding evaluations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-187
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2008


  • Bond strength
  • Caries-affected dentin
  • Etch-and-rinse
  • Microtensile
  • pH cycling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


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