In vitro analysis of durability of S-PRG filler-containing composite crowns for primary molar restoration

Yutaro Nakase, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Ernesto B.Benalcázar Jalkh, Pablo J. Atria, Lukasz Witek, Estevam A. Bonfante, Hefei Li, Takahiko Sakai, Rena Okawa, Kazuhiko Nakano, Satoshi Imazato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To evaluate the reliability, maximum principal stress, shear stress, and crack initiation of a computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) resin composite (RC) incorporating surface pre-reacted glass (S-PRG) filler for primary molar teeth. Methods: Mandibular primary molar crowns fabricated by experimental (EB) or commercially available CAD/CAM RCs (HC) were prepared and cemented to a resinous abutment tooth using an adhesive resin cement (Cem) or a conventional glass-ionomer cement (CX). These specimens were subjected to a single compressive test (n = 5/each) and the step-stress accelerated life testing (SSALT) (n = 12/each). Data was evaluated using Weibull analyses and reliability was calculated. Afterwards, the maximum principal stress and crack initiation point of each crown was analyzed by finite element analysis. To evaluate bonding of EB and HC to dentin, microtensile bond strength (μTBS) testing was conducted using primary molar teeth (n = 10/each). Results: There was no significant difference between the fracture loads of EB and HC for either cement (p > 0.05). The fracture loads of EB-CX and HC-CX were significantly lower than EB-Cem and HC-Cem (p < 0.05). The reliability at 600 N for EB-Cem was greater than that for EB-CX, HC-Cem, and HC-CX. The maximum principal stress concentrated on EB was lower than that on HC. The shear stress concentrated in the cement layer for EB-CX was higher than that for HC-CX. There was no significant difference among the μTBSs of EB-Cem, EB-CX, HC-Cem, and HC-CX (p > 0.05). Significance: The crowns fabricated with the experimental CAD/CAM RC incorporating S-PRG filler yielded greater fracture loads and reliability than the crowns manufactured with commercially available CAD/CAM RC regardless of the luting materials. These findings suggest that the experimental CAD/CAM RC crown may be clinically useful for the restoration of primary molars.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)640-647
Number of pages8
JournalDental Materials
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2023


  • Fatigue
  • Glass ionomer cements
  • Primary teeth
  • Resin composites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Dentistry
  • Mechanics of Materials


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