In vitro shear bond strength of 2 resin cements to zirconia and lithium disilicate: An in vitro study

Evelyn Seungmin Woo, Gary Goldstein, Mijin Choi, Timothy G. Bromage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Statement of problem: There is little evidence on how the multiple layers of zirconia (ZrO2) or glazed material will affect the shear bond strength (SBS) of different resin cements. Purpose: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the SBS of 2 resin cements with the different layers of a monolithic polychromatic ZrO2 ceramic, both glazed and nonglazed, and a lithium disilicate (LDS) ceramic. Material and methods: One hundred and sixty-eight composite resin cylinders and 48 monolithic polychromic ZrO2 plates were prepared. Twenty-four were milled and sintered, and 24 were milled and sintered and had a glaze cycle applied with no liquid glaze. These plates and 12 LDS plates were mounted in autopolymerized acrylic resin. Bonding surfaces were polished, airborne-particle abraded, and cleaned ultrasonically. The different layers (cubic, hybrid, and tetragonal) of the ZrO2 plates were identified and marked. The plates were assigned to 2 cement groups: a self-adhesive, autopolymerized resin cement, and a dual-polymerizing, adhesive resin cement (DPRC). Bonding surfaces were cleaned and treated according to the cement manufacturer's instructions. Three composite resin cylinders were luted to the ZrO2 plates at the appropriate layer, and 2 cylinders were luted to each LDS plate. The specimens were stored in a moist environment for 24 hours at 37 °C. The SBS test was performed with a universal testing machine. Visual inspections of the debonded surfaces were compared under magnification. The data were analyzed with a 2-way ANOVA and a subsequent Student t test (α=.05). Results: The 2-way ANOVA found no difference among luting agent and LDS and ZrO2. The SBSs of the nonglazed tetragonal and cubic layer to the ZrO2 were higher than to the surface exposed to a glazing cycle (P=.001). The bonded surfaces were examined tactilely and under ×3.5 magnification, followed by light and scanning electron microscopy and recorded as either adhesive, cohesive, or mixed. Almost all failures in the glazed ZrO2 were mixed and cohesive. However, more adhesive failures were observed in the DPRC group of nonglazed ZrO2. Conclusions: No differences were found between the 2 luting agents for the LDS. For the ZrO2 cubic and tetragonal layers, the DPRC had higher bond strengths to the nonglazed surfaces.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)529-534
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery


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