In vitro test to evaluate the interaction between synthetic cervical mucus and vaginal formulations

Bríd T. Burruano, Roger L. Schnaare, Daniel Malamud

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The interaction and mixing between a bilayer sample of mucus and vaginal formulation was evaluated through viscosity measurements with respect to time and shear. Physical mixtures of mucus and vaginal formulation were used as controls. Three test protocols were designed: (1) constant shear, (2) intermittent shear, and (3) delayed shear. Several marketed vaginal products (Gynol II, KY Plus, KY, and Advantage-S) and experimental formulations (C31G with hydroxyethylcellulose [HEC]) were evaluated and compared by these tests. The results of the constant shear test showed that the shear stress profile of the bilayer approached that of the corresponding physical mixture, consistent with complete mixing of the bilayer under shear. The time taken for the bilayer to mix completely was in the following order: KY Plus > Gynol II and C31G > KY > Advantage-S. Under the intermittent shear protocol, the following order for complete mixing was observed: KY Plus > C31G > Gynol II > KY > Advantage-S. The 2 products evaluated by the delayed shear test, C31G and Gynol II, were both completely mixed at 180 minutes. The development of an in vitro test, when coupled with in vivo data, should serve in the screening and evaluation of future vaginal formulations.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number17
    JournalAAPS PharmSciTech
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - 2004


    • Formulations
    • Mucus
    • Vaginal
    • Viscosity

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pharmaceutical Science


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