Income distribution, development and foreign trade. A cross-sectional analysis*

F. Bourguignon, C. Morrisson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper analyses cross-sectional evidence on income inequality in developing countries within a consistent theoretical framework where the major explanatory variables are factor endowments, their ownership structure and foreign trade distortions. The resulting explanation of cross-country differences in income distribution is considerably better than what is found in the existing literature. Endowments in mineral resources, land concentration in agricultural exports, trade protection and secondary schooling are shown to be major determinants of differences in income inequality across developing countries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1113-1132
Number of pages20
JournalEuropean Economic Review
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics


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