Independent and parallel lateral transfer of DNA transposons in tetrapod genomes

Peter Novick, Jeremy Smith, David Ray, Stéphane Boissinot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In animals, the mode of transmission of transposable elements is generally vertical. However, recent studies have suggested that lateral transfer has occurred repeatedly in several distantly related tetrapod lineages, including mammals. Using transposons extracted from the genome of the lizard Anolis carolinensis as probes, we identified four novel families of hAT transposons that share extremely high similarity with elements in other genomes including several mammalian lineages (primates, chiropters, marsupials), one amphibian and one flatworm, the planarian Schmidtea mediterranea. The discontinuous phylogenetic distribution of these hAT families, coupled with very low synonymous divergence between species, strongly suggests that these elements were laterally transferred to these different species. This indicates that the horizontal transfer of DNA transposons in vertebrates might be more common than previously thought. Yet, it appears that the transfer of DNA transposons did not occur randomly as the same genomes have been invaded independently by different, unrelated transposon families whereas others seem to be immune to lateral transfer. This suggests that some organisms might be intrinsically more vulnerable to DNA transposon lateral transfer, possibly because of a weakened defense against transposons or because they have developed mechanisms to tolerate their impact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-94
Number of pages10
JournalGene
Volume449
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Keywords

  • Horizontal transfer
  • Lateral transfer
  • Transposable element
  • Transposase
  • Transposon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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