Induced hearing deficit generates experimental paranoia

Philip G. Zimbardo, Susan M. Andersen, Loren G. Kabat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The development of paranoid reactions was investigated in normal people experiencing a temporary loss of hearing. In a social setting, subjects made partially deaf by hypnotic suggestion, but kept unaware of the source of their deafness, became more paranoid as indicated on a variety of assessment measures. The results support a hypothesized cognitive-social mechanism for the clinically observed relationship between paranoia and deafness in the elderly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1529-1531
Number of pages3
Issue number4502
StatePublished - 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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