Inflammatory response to intravitreal injection of gold nanorods.

Michelle Gabriele Sandrian, Gadi Wollstein, Joel S. Schuman, Richard A. Bilonick, Yun Ling, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Larry Kagemann, Kyle C. McKenna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


To evaluate the utility of gold nanorods (AuNRs) as a contrast agent for ocular optical coherence tomography (OCT). Mice were intravitreally injected with sterile AuNRs coated with either poly(strenesulfate) (PSS-AuNRs) or anti-CD90.2 antibodies (Ab-AuNRs), and imaged using OCT. After 24 h, eyes were processed for transmission electron microscopy or rendered into single cell suspensions for flow cytometric analysis to determine absolute numbers of CD45(+) leukocytes and subsets (T cells, myeloid cells, macrophages, neutrophils). Generalised estimation equations were used to compare cell counts between groups. PSS-AuNRs and Ab-AuNRs were visualised in the vitreous 30 min and 24 h post-injection with OCT. At 24 h, a statistically significant increase in leukocytes, comprised primarily of neutrophils, was observed in eyes that received either AuNR in comparison to eyes that received saline. The accumulation of leukocytes was equal in eyes given PSS-AuNR or Ab-AuNR. Endotoxin-resistant C3H/HeJ mice also showed ocular inflammation after injection with AuNRs, indicating that the inflammatory response was not due to lipopolysaccharide contamination of AuNRs. Although AuNRs can be visualised in the eye using OCT, they can induce ocular inflammation, which limits their use as a contrast agent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1522-1529
Number of pages8
JournalThe British journal of ophthalmology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


Dive into the research topics of 'Inflammatory response to intravitreal injection of gold nanorods.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this