Influence of Bubbles on the Energy Conversion Efficiency of Electrochemical Reactors

Andrea Angulo, Peter van der Linde, Han Gardeniers, Miguel Modestino, David Fernández Rivas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Bubbles influence energy and mass transfer in gas-evolving electrodes. However, we lack a detailed understanding on the intricate dependencies between bubble-evolution processes and electrochemical phenomena. This review discusses the current understanding on the effects of bubbles on electrochemical systems. We first provide a background on the physics of bubble evolution. Then we outline how bubbles affect energy efficiency of electrode processes. Lastly, we describe strategies to mitigate losses and how to exploit bubbles to enhance electrochemical reactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)555-579
Number of pages25
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 18 2020


  • bubbles
  • chemical manufacturing
  • electrochemistry
  • energy
  • process intensification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Energy


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