We perform large-eddy simulations of turbulent convection in a cubic cell for Rayleigh numbers, Ra, between 106 and 1010 and the molecular Prandtl number, Pr=0.7. The simulations were carried out using a second-order-accurate finite-difference method in which subgrid-scale fluxes of momentum and heat were both parametrized using a Lagrangian and dynamic Smagorinsky model. The scaling of the root-mean-square fluctuations of density (temperature) and velocity measured in the cell center are in excellent agreement with the scaling measured in the laboratory experiments of Daya and Ecke [Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 184501 (2001)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.87.184501] and differ substantially from that observed in cylindrical cells. We also observe the time-averaged spatial distributions of the local heat flux and density fluctuations, and find that they are strongly inhomogeneous in the horizontal midplane, with the largest density gradients occurring at the corners at the midheight, where hot and cold plumes mix in the form of strong counter-rotating eddies.
|Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
|Published - Dec 8 2014
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics