Influence of implant shape, surface morphology, surgical technique and bone quality on the primary stability of dental implants

Carlos Nelson Eliasa, Felipe Assis Rocha, Ana Lucia Nascimento, Paulo Guilherme Coelho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The primary stability of dental implants has been investigated before, but a study of the influence of implant shape, size and surface morphology (machined, acid etched or anodized), surgical technique (press-fitor under sized) and substrate (naturalor simulated bone) on the primary stability of dental implants has not been reported. The present work intends to fill this gap. In this work, six different dental implants were inserted into and removed from synthetic and natural bone while measuring the torque. A total of 255 dental implants with three shapes, foursizes and three surface to pographies were inserted into pigrib, PTFE and polyurethane. The implant sites were prepared using straight and tapered drills. The primary stability was estimated from the maximum insertion torque. Comparisons between samples were based on the maximum insertion torque (MIT), the maximum removal torque (MRT) and the torque ratio (TR = MRT/MIT) The insertion torque in to pig ribs showed larger dispersion. Allpara-meters (shape, size and surface morphology of the implant, surgical technique and substrate type) were found to have a significant influence on primary stability. The insertion of a tapered implant requires a higher torque than the insertion of a straight implant. Surface treatments improve the primary stability. The influence of the surgical technique is smaller than that of implant size and shape. The highest insertion torque was that of anostability of dental implants is highly dependent on implant design, surgical technique and substrate type.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-180
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2012


  • Dental implants
  • Insertion torque
  • Primary stability
  • Removal torque

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials


Dive into the research topics of 'Influence of implant shape, surface morphology, surgical technique and bone quality on the primary stability of dental implants'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this