Influence of sexual arousability on partner communication mediators of condom use among African American female adolescents

Andrea Swartzendurber, Sarah H. Murray, Jessica M. Sales, Robin R. Milhausen, Stephanie A. Sanders, Cynthia A. Graham, Ralph J. Diclemente, Gina M. Wingood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Ample evidence shows that partner sexual communication is related to condom use. Although communication about safer sex may often occur when sexual arousal is high, no studies have examined arousability, one's propensity for sexual arousal and partner sexual communication. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between sexual arousability and partner-related mediators of condom use among African American female adolescents, who have disproportionate risk for HIV and sexually transmissible infections (STIs). Methods: The study analysed self-reported baseline data from 701 African American females aged 14-20 years participating in a HIV/STI trial. Linear regression models examined associations between arousability and partner-related mediators of condom use (partner sexual communication self-efficacy, partner sexual communication frequency, sex refusal self-efficacy and condom use self-efficacy), controlling for age, impulsivity and relationship power. Results: Greater arousability was significantly associated with reduced levels of each partner communication outcome assessed (partner sexual communication self-efficacy, partner sexual communication frequency and sex refusal self-efficacy) but was not associated with condom use self-efficacy. Conclusions: Arousal and other positive aspects of sex have largely been ignored by HIV/STI prevention efforts, which primarily focus on individual behaviour. A population-level sexual health approach focusing on sexual wellbeing may reduce stigma, facilitate partner sexual communication and be more effective at reducing HIV/STI rates than traditional approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)322-327
Number of pages6
JournalSexual Health
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • African American
  • arousability
  • condom use
  • female adolescents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Swartzendurber, A., Murray, S. H., Sales, J. M., Milhausen, R. R., Sanders, S. A., Graham, C. A., Diclemente, R. J., & Wingood, G. M. (2015). Influence of sexual arousability on partner communication mediators of condom use among African American female adolescents. Sexual Health, 12(4), 322-327. https://doi.org/10.1071/SH15019