Influence of the C/O ratio on titanium and vanadium oxides in protoplanetary disks

M. Ali-Dib, O. Mousis, G. S. Pekmezci, J. I. Lunine, N. Madhusudhan, J. M. Petit

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Context. The observation of carbon-rich disks have motivated several studies questioning the influence of the C/O ratio on their gas phase composition in order to establish the connection between the metallicity of hot-Jupiters and that of their parent stars. Aims. We propose a method that allows the characterization of the adopted C/O ratio in protoplanetary disks independently from the determination of the host star composition. Titanium and vanadium chemistries are investigated because they are strong optical absorbers and also because their oxides are known to be sensitive to the C/O ratio in some exoplanet atmospheres. Methods. We use a commercial package based on the Gibbs energy minimization technique to compute the titanium and vanadium equilibrium chemistries in protoplanetary disks for C/O ratios ranging from 0.05 to 10. Our calculations are performed for pressures in the 10.6-10.2 bar domain, and for temperatures ranging from 50 K to 2000 K. Results. We find that the vanadium nitride/vanadium oxide and titanium hydride/titanium oxide gas phase ratios strongly depend on the C/O ratio in the hot parts of disks (T≥1000 K). Our calculations suggest that, in these regions, these ratios can be used as tracers of the C/O value in protoplanetary disks.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article numberA60
    JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
    Volume561
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 2014

    Keywords

    • Planets and satellites: composition
    • Planets and satellites: formation
    • Protoplanetary disks
    • Stars: abundances
    • Sun: atmosphere

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science

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