Influence of the Home Linguistic Environment on Early Language Development

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Approximately 15.5 million children in the United States (21%) live in impoverished households, with child poverty rates highest among Black, Hispanic, and American Indian children. Growing up in a socioeconomically disadvantaged environment is associated with substantially worse health and impaired psychological, cognitive, and emotional development throughout the life span. Socioeconomic status (SES) has a robust association with language development—across different language outcomes, across different ethnic and language-exposure groups, as well as within these groups. This review examines pathways for SES disparities in language skills emerging early in development and contributing to later gaps in school readiness and academic achievement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-162
Number of pages8
JournalPolicy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017


  • bilingualism
  • early experience
  • language
  • socioeconomic status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Administration


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