M protein of influenza A virus was detected with rabbit antiserum by both indirect immunofluorescence and by antibody plus complement-mediated cytolysis on the cell surfaces of both productively and nonproductively infected cells. In contrast, antiserum to nucleoprotein failed to react with unfixed infected cells, but did bind to fixed infected cells, especially in the perinuclear area. Incorporation of antiserum to M protein in a T-cell-mediated cytotoxicity assay produced almost complete abrogation of lysis of H-2-compatible cells infected with an influenza A virus of a subtype which differed from that used to elicit the cytotoxic T cells. However, the antibody did not significantly block 51Cr release from cells infected with the homotypic type A influenza virus. These observations are in accord with the hypothesis that the cross-reactive cytotoxic T-cell responses seen with cells infected by heterotypic influenza A viruses are due to recognition of a common M protein.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Infection and Immunity|
|State||Published - 1980|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases