Information processing of visual stimuli in an 'extinguished' field [19]

Bruce T. Volpe, Joseph E. Ledoux, Micheal S. Gazzaniga

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

Abstract

Lesions of the right parieto-occipital cortex in man produce a variety of behavioural disturbances which interfere with the detection of, and orientation to external stimuli1. One striking example is extinction to double simultaneous stimulation (DSS), in which presentation of a single stimulus in any area of the visual field results in its accurate description, but lateralised simultaneous presentation of two stimuli, one in each field, results in the verbal description of only the stimulus in the right visual field (RVF)2. While extinction to DSS can also be demonstrated in other (non-visual) sensory modalites3, and is occasionally seen following left-hemisphere lesions4 our concern here is with visual extinction to DSS following right parieto-occipital lesions whose precise nature is poorly understood although variety of theories have been proposed to account for it5-7. One of the critical, yet unexplored questions about extinction concerns the fate of the extinguished stimulus. The following observations demonstrate that although the extinguished stimulus often goes completely unnoticed by the patient, the patients are able to utilise the extinguished stimulus in an interfield comparison task. Accurate same/different judgments between the visual fields could be made in situations in which the patients did not know the identity of, and at times even denied the presence of, the left field stimulus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)722-724
Number of pages3
JournalNature
Volume282
Issue number5740
DOIs
StatePublished - 1979

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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