Automatic retransmission request (ARQ) is a feedback-based data link layer technique which enhances the reliability of communication in fading channels. In this paper, we investigate the performance of hybrid-ARQ (H-ARQ) techniques in coherent free-space optical (FSO) communication systems over atmospheric turbulence-induced fading channels. Under the assumption of a Gamma-Gamma statistical fading channel model, we derive outage probability and throughput expressions for three H-ARQ protocols. We further characterize the outage performance at high values of signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) through diversity and coding gains. Our results provide insight into the performance mechanisms of different H-ARQ protocols in coherent FSO systems and demonstrate that significant performance gains can be achieved through the deployment of H-ARQ particularly in the strong turbulence regime.
- Automatic retransmission request
- Free-space optical communications
- Outage probability
- Turbulence-induced fading
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering