Infrastructure management information system framework requirements for disasters

Anu R. Pradhan, Debra F. Laefer, William J. Rasdorf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A three-tiered, enterprise, geographic information system architecture offers a robust, efficient, and secure platform to potentially revolutionize disaster management by enabling support of all of the phases of governmental activity that must occur before, during, and after a disaster. Presently, both publicly and privately initiated, computer-based systems designed for disaster management cannot meet the real-time data access and analysis needs at crucial stages, especially those occurring during an actual disaster. Impediments are reflective of the proprietary, stand alone, and segregated nature of current systems. This paper proposes an integrated, infrastructure management information system as a reliable and effective alternative. Issues related to sharing data, customizing applications, supporting multiple data formats, querying visually, facilitating ubiquitous computing, and upgrading are all addressed. Achieving maximum flexibility and capacity in a disaster management system relies upon recent advances in the following areas: (1) standardized data specifications; (2) middleware services; and (3) Web-enabled, distributed computing. Key resources in designing and implementing such an arrangement are prototyped in a system that was initially designed for addressing disaster management of urban explosions. The critical details of that system are presented herein.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-101
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Computing in Civil Engineering
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007

Keywords

  • Computer models
  • Damage
  • Databases
  • Disasters
  • Emergency services
  • Geographic information systems
  • Information management
  • Spatial data

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

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