Inheritances and the distribution of wealth or whatever happened to the great inheritance boom?

Edward N. Wolff, Maury Gittleman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Using data from the Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF), we found that on average over the period from 1989 to 2007, about one fifth of American households at a given point of time reported a wealth transfer and these accounted for quite a sizeable figure, about a quarter of their net worth. Over the lifetime, about 30 percent of households could expect to receive a wealth transfer and these would account for close to 40 % of their net worth near time of death. However, there is little evidence of an inheritance “boom.” In fact, from 1989 to 2007, the share of households reporting a wealth transfer fell by 2.5 percentage points, a time trend statistically significant at the one percent level. The average value of inheritances received among all households did increase but at a slow pace, by 10 %; the time trend is not statistically significant. Wealth transfers as a proportion of current net worth fell sharply over this period, from 29 to 19 %, though the time trend once again is not statistically significant. We also found that inheritances and other wealth transfers tend to be equalizing in terms of the distribution of household wealth, though a number of caveats apply to this result.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)439-468
    Number of pages30
    JournalJournal of Economic Inequality
    Volume12
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Nov 7 2014

    Keywords

    • Household wealth
    • Inequality
    • Inheritance

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
    • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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