InsP3-induced Ca2+ excitability of the endoplasmic reticulum

Joel Keizer, Yue Xian Li, Stanko Stojilković, John Rinzel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Oscillations in intracellular Ca2+ can be induced by a variety of cellular signalling processes (Woods et al., 1986; Berridge 1988; Jacob et al., 1988) and appear to play a role in secretion (Stojilković et al., 1994), fertilization (Miyazaki et al., 1993), and smooth muscle contraction (lino and Tsukioka, 1994). Recently, great progress has been made in understanding the mechanisms involved in a particular class of Ca2+ oscillation, associated with the second messenger inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) (Berridge, 1993). Working in concert with intracellular Ca2+, InsP3 controls Ca2+ release via the InsP3 receptor in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) (Berridge and Irvine, 1989). The IP3 receptor is regulated by its coagonists InsP3 and Ca2+, which both activate and inhibit Ca2+ release (Finch et al., 1991; Bezprozvanny et al., 1991; De Young and Keizer, 1992). These processes, together with the periodic activation of Ca2+ uptake into the ER, have been identified as key features in the mechanism of InsP3-induced Ca2+ oscillations in pituitary gonadotrophs (Li et al., 1994), Xenopus laevis oocytes (Lechleiter and Clapham, 1992; Atri et al., 1993), and other cell types (Keizer and De Young, 1993). Earlier discussions and models of InsP3-induced Ca2+ oscillations focused on the nature and number of internal releasable pools of Ca2+ (Goldbeter et al., 1990; Swillens and Mercan, 1990; Somogyi and Stucki, 1991), the importance of oscillations in InsP3 (Meyer and Stryer, 1988), and other issues not based on detailed experimental findings in specific cells types. In this review we briefly summarize recent experimental findings dealing with InsP3-induced Ca2+ excitability of the ER and describe a detailed, quantitative model that explains how intracellular Ca2+ oscillations occur (De Young and Keizer, 1992; Li et al., 1995b).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)945-951
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Volume6
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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