Integrability of SLE via conformal welding of random surfaces

Morris Ang, Nina Holden, Xin Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We demonstrate how to obtain integrability results for the Schramm-Loewner evolution (SLE) from Liouville conformal field theory (LCFT) and the mating-of-trees framework for Liouville quantum gravity (LQG). In particular, we prove an exact formula for the law of a conformal derivative of a classical variant of SLE called (Formula presented.). Our proof is built on two connections between SLE, LCFT, and mating-of-trees. Firstly, LCFT and mating-of-trees provide equivalent but complementary methods to describe natural random surfaces in LQG. Using a novel tool that we call the uniform embedding of an LQG surface, we extend earlier equivalence results by allowing fewer marked points and more generic singularities. Secondly, the conformal welding of these random surfaces produces SLE curves as their interfaces. In particular, we rely on the conformal welding results proved in our companion paper Ang, Holden and Sun (2023). Our paper is an essential part of a program proving integrability results for SLE, LCFT, and mating-of-trees based on these two connections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCommunications on Pure and Applied Mathematics
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


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