Background: Blood pressure (BP) control is suboptimal in minority communities, including Asian populations. We evaluate the feasibility, adoption, and effectiveness of an integrated CHW-led health coaching and practice-level intervention to improve hypertension control among South Asian patients in New York City, Project IMPACT (Integrating Million Hearts for Provider and Community Transformation). The primary outcome was BP control, and secondary outcomes were systolic BP and diastolic BP at 6-month follow-up. Methods: A randomized-controlled trial took place within community-based primary care practices that primarily serve South Asian patients in New York City between 2017 and 2019. A total of 303 South Asian patients aged 18-85 with diagnosed hypertension and uncontrolled BP (systolic BP ≥140 mm Hg or diastolic BP ≥90 mm Hg) within the previous 6 months at 14 clinic sites consented to participate. After completing 1 education session, individuals were randomized into treatment (n=159) or control (n=144) groups. Treatment participants received 4 additional group education sessions and individualized health coaching over a 6-month period. A mixed effect generalized linear model with a logit link function was used to assess intervention effectiveness for controlled hypertension (Yes/No), adjusting for practice level random effect, age, sex, baseline systolic BP, and days between BP measurements. Results: Among the total enrolled population, mean age was 56.8±11.2 years, and 54.1% were women. At 6 months among individuals with follow-up BP data (treatment, n=154; control, n=137), 68.2% of the treatment group and 41.6% of the control group had controlled BP (P<0.001). In final adjusted analysis, treatment group participants had 3.7 [95% CI, 2.1-6.5] times the odds of achieving BP control at follow-up compared with the control group. Conclusions: A CHW-led health coaching intervention was effective in achieving BP control among South Asian Americans in New York City primary care practices. Findings can guide translation and dissemination of this model across other communities experiencing hypertension disparities. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT03159533.
- blood pressure
- community health workers
- primary prevention
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine