Integrating Early Child Development and Violence Prevention Programs: A Systematic Review

Yvette Efevbera, Dana C. McCoy, Alice J. Wuermli, Theresa S. Betancourt

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Limited evidence describes promoting development and reducing violence in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), a missed opportunity to protect children and promote development and human capital. This study presents a systematic literature review of integrated early childhood development plus violence prevention (ECD+VP) interventions in LMICs. The search yielded 5,244 unique records, of which N = 6 studies met inclusion criteria. Interventions were in Chile, Jamaica, Lebanon, Mexico, Mozambique, and Turkey. Five interventions were parent education programs, including center-based sessions (n = 3) and home visiting (n = 2), while one intervention was a teacher education program. All but one study reported improvements in both child development and maltreatment outcomes. The dearth of evidence on ECD+VP interventions suggests additional research is needed. Integrated ECD+VP interventions may improve multiple child outcome domains while leveraging limited resources in LMICs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-54
Number of pages28
JournalNew directions for child and adolescent development
Issue number159
StatePublished - Mar 2018


  • child maltreatment
  • developing countries
  • early childhood development
  • prevention
  • systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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