Intelligence assessment with computer simulations

Stephan Kröner, Jan L. Plass, Detlev Leutner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


It has been suggested that computer simulations may be used for intelligence assessment. This study investigates what relationships exist between intelligence and computer-simulated tasks that mimic real-world problem-solving behavior, and discusses design requirements that simulations have to meet in order to be suitable for intelligence assessment. One hundred one participants took a test of inductive reasoning (BIS-K) and used the simulation MultiFlux [Kröner, S. (2001). Intelligenzdiagnostik per Computersimulation [Intelligence Assessment via computer simulation]. Münster: Waxmann.] designed to reduce the uncontrolled influence of prior knowledge, provide an evaluation-free exploration phase, and incorporate measures that are based on a theoretical model of simulation performance. Reliabilities of MultiFlux simulation performance scores were above .90, and the correlation of MultiFlux scores with BIS-K intelligence was, with r = .65 (adjusted r = .75), comparable to typical correlations among traditional intelligence tests. SEM analyses favored our theoretical performance model with three latent MultiFlux variables over a model with a single factor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)347-368
Number of pages22
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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