The interaction of electromagnetic waves with rapidly created time-varying spatially periodic plasmas is studied. The numerical results of the collisionless case show that both frequency upshifted and frequency downshifted waves are generated. Moreover, the frequency downshifted waves are trapped by the plasma when the plasma frequency is larger than the wave frequency. The trapping has the effect of dramatically enhancing the efficiency of the frequency downshift conversion process, by accumulating incident wave energy during the plasma transition period. A theory based on the wave impedance of each Floquet mode of the periodic structure is formulated, incorporating with the collisional damping of the plasma. Such a theory explains the recent experimental observations [Faith, Kuo, and Huang, Phys. Rev. E 55, 1843 (1997)] where the frequency downshifted signals were detected repetitively with considerably enhanced spectral intensities while the frequency upshifted signals were missing.
|Number of pages
|Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics
|Published - 1997
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics