Intermediate Phase Enhances Inorganic Perovskite and Metal Oxide Interface for Efficient Photovoltaics

Jiahuan Zhang, Zaiwei Wang, Aditya Mishra, Maolin Yu, Mona Shasti, Wolfgang Tress, Dominik Józef Kubicki, Claudia Esther Avalos, Haizhou Lu, Yuhang Liu, Brian Irving Carlsen, Anand Agarwalla, Zishuai Wang, Wanchun Xiang, Lyndon Emsley, Zhuhua Zhang, Michael Grätzel, Wanlin Guo, Anders Hagfeldt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Interfacial modification is crucial to fully develop the potential of semiconductor devices, including the revolutionary halide perovskite-based optoelectronics, such as photovoltaics, light-emitting diodes, and photodetectors. The all-inorganic halide perovskites, which are potential long-term stable photovoltaic materials, are suffering from poor interfacial contact with metal oxide charge-selective layer, severely limiting the power conversion efficiency and stability of inorganic perovskite solar cells. Here, we propose an intermediate-phase engineering strategy to improve the inorganic perovskite/metal oxide interface by utilizing volatile salts. The introduction of organic cations (such as methylammonium and formamidinium), which can be doped into the perovskite lattice, leads to the formation of an organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite intermediate phase, promoting a robust interfacial contact through hydrogen bonding. A champion CsPb(I0.75Br0.25)3-based device with a power conversion efficiency of 17.0% and an open-circuit voltage of 1.34 V was realized, implying that a record of over 65% of the Shockley-Queisser efficiency limit is achieved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)222-234
Number of pages13
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 15 2020


  • additive
  • formamidinium acetate
  • inorganic perovskite solar cells
  • interfacial modification
  • intermediate-phase engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Energy


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