Intraminority solidarity: The role of critical consciousness

Esther Burson, Erin B. Godfrey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A central question in the growing field of intraminority relations is how best to promote solidarity among marginalized groups. The current article reviews existing social psychological theories of intraminority relations, with a focus on barriers to, and facilitators of, intraminority solidarity. In particular, we explore the roles of competition and identity threats in eroding solidarity, and examine how similarity perceptions, a common identity of stigma, and structural and historical attributions generate solidarity. We then suggest that critical consciousness, a theory of sociopolitical development prominent in the developmental and community psychology literatures, can integrate disparate findings and extend our understanding of solidarity among marginalized groups. Borrowing from the critical consciousness literature, we outline new theoretical predictions for fostering intraminority solidarity. This exploration furthers existing theoretical work on intraminority solidarity and intergroup relations more broadly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1362-1377
Number of pages16
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Psychology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Oct 2020


  • critical consciousness
  • intraminority relations
  • solidarity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


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