Introductory Magnetic Resonance Imaging Physics

Aaron D. Sodickson, Daniel K. Sodickson

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    This chapter introduces the key conceptual underpinnings of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with an intuitive description of the underlying physics. The behavior of proton magnetization within an externally applied magnetic field is described, as is the use of radiofrequency magnetic field pulses to manipulate magnetization and create detectable signal. Determinants of image contrast are explored by describing the growth and disappearance of longitudinal and transverse magnetization due to the effects of the inherent tissue T1 and T2 relaxation rates during the repetition time and echo time. Spatial localization by magnetic field gradients is explained, including a conceptual description of k-space and Fourier transformation. These elements of signal creation, image contrast creation, and spatial localization are brought together as building blocks of the basic MRI pulse sequence. Other commonly used techniques are introduced, including diffusion weighted and susceptbility weighted imaging, motion compensation methods, and parallel imaging.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationHandbook of Neuro-Oncology Neuroimaging
    Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
    PublisherElsevier Inc.
    Pages157-166
    Number of pages10
    ISBN (Electronic)9780128011683
    ISBN (Print)9780128009451
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Apr 12 2016

    Keywords

    • K-space
    • MRI physics
    • Magnetic field gradient
    • Spin relaxation T1 and T2

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Sodickson, A. D., & Sodickson, D. K. (2016). Introductory Magnetic Resonance Imaging Physics. In Handbook of Neuro-Oncology Neuroimaging: Second Edition (pp. 157-166). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-800945-1.00018-5