It’s About Time: The Role of Locomotion in Withdrawal Behavior

Jocelyn J. Bélanger, Antonio Pierro, Romina Mauro, Alessandra Falco, Nicola De Carlo, Arie W. Kruglanski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Locomotion is defined as a self-regulatory orientation that involves committing personal resources to initiate and maintain goal-directed activities Kruglanski et al. (J Personal Social Psychol 79: 793, 2000). This article examines the relation between locomotion and withdrawal behaviors in organizational setting. Materials and Methods: In the first study, police officers’ (N = 203) locomotion was negatively related to self-report measures of absenteeism and lateness. In the second study, bank employees’ (N = 297) locomotion was negatively related to withdrawal behaviors as evinced by organizational records including hours of absenteeism, lateness, and early departures. In the third study, a two-wave research design replicated the results of Study 2 by demonstrating that telecommunication employees’ (N = 69) locomotion measured at Time 1 was negatively related to their respective withdrawal behaviors 3 months later at Time 2. Conclusion: Overall, these three studies support the notion that locomotion impacts a plurality of withdrawal behaviors in different organizational settings. Consequently, locomotion can be a pertinent and valuable psychometric tool for managers and human resources interested in improving organizational effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-278
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Business and Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016


  • Absenteeism
  • Early departures
  • Lateness
  • Withdrawal behaviors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • General Business, Management and Accounting
  • Applied Psychology
  • General Psychology


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