Joint bit and power loading for adaptive MIMO OFDM VLC systems

Umair F. Siddiqi, Omer Narmanlioglu, Murat Uysal, Sadiq M. Sait

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Visible light communication (VLC) is a short-range wireless access technology based on the dual use of illumination structure. The frequency-selective characteristics of VLC channels motivate the use of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM). In addition, the presence of multiple light sources in most indoor spaces makes multiple-input–multiple-output (MIMO) communication techniques a natural solution for VLC systems. In this paper, we investigate the design of an adaptive MIMO OFDM system. Specifically, we propose adaptive bit and power loading for a direct current–biased OFDM VLC system with MIMO mode switching between repetition coding and spatial multiplexing. We formulate the adaptive algorithm design as an optimization problem where we aim to maximize spectral efficiency through the proper selection of modulation order, power level, and MIMO mode, while satisfying a targeted bit error rate. To solve the underlying NP-hard problems, we use a simulated annealing heuristic. We present Monte Carlo simulation results for a typical indoor setting and illustrate the performance improvements through link adaptation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere3850
JournalTransactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technologies
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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