Kinematic Biomarkers of Chronic Neck Pain during Curvilinear Walking: A Data-driven Differential Diagnosis Approach

David Jimenez-Grande, S. Farokh Atashzar, Eduardo Martinez-Valdes, Alessandro Marco De Nunzio, Deborah Falla

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Chronic Neck Pain (CNP) can be associated with biomechanical changes. This paper investigates the changes in patterns of walking kinematics along a curvilinear trajectory and uses a specially designed feature space, coupled with a machine learning framework to conduct a data-driven differential diagnosis, between asymptomatic individuals and those with CNP. For this, 126 kinematic features were collected from seven body segments of 40 participants (20 asymptomatic, 20 individuals with CNP). The features space was processed through a Neighbourhood Component Analysis (NCA) algorithm to systematically select the most significant features which have the maximum discriminative power for conducting the differential diagnosis. The selected features were then processed by a K-Nearest Neighbors (K-NN) classifier to conduct the task. Our results show that, through a systematic selection of feature space, we can significantly increase the classification accuracy. In this regard, a 35% increase is reported after applying the NCA. Thus, we have shown that using only 13 features (of which 61% belong to kinematic features and 39% to statistical features) from five body segments (Head, Trunk, Pelvic, Hip and Knee) we can achieve an accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of 82.50%, 80.95% and 84.21% respectively. This promising result highlights the importance of curvilinear kinematic features through the proposed information processing pipeline for conducting differential diagnosis and could be tested in future studies to predict the likelihood of people developing recurrent neck pain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationEnabling Innovative Technologies for Global Healthcare, EMBC 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages5162-5166
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781728119908
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020
Event42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: Jul 20 2020Jul 24 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2020-July
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020
CountryCanada
CityMontreal
Period7/20/207/24/20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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