Knowing quitters predicts smoking cessation in a homeless population

Kathryn Goldade, Don Des Jarlais, Susan A. Everson-Rose, Hongfei Guo, Janet Thomas, Lillian Gelberg, Anne M. Joseph, Kolawole S. Okuyemi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To examine the impact of knowing quitters on cessation among homeless smokers. Methods: Secondary analysis of data derived from a community-based randomized controlled trial of 430 homeless smokers. We conducted multivariable logistic regression analysis to determine whether knowing quitters impacted the likelihood of cessation (salivary cotinine ≤ 20 ng/ml) at 26-week follow-up. Results: Multivariable logistic regression showed cessation was more likely for smokers who knew ≥ 5 quitters compared with those who knew no quitters (Odds Ratio = 3.79, CI = 1.17, 12.27, p = .008), adjusting for age, education, income, and time to first cigarette in morning. Conclusions: Knowing former smokers was associated with increased likelihood of achieving smoking abstinence among homeless smokers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)517-524
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2013

Keywords

  • Homeless population
  • Smoking cessation
  • Social influence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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